Steinbeck – The Winter of Our Discontent

Winter of our Discontent 300x300

 How to Become a Rich Bastard

Steinbeck, John. (1961). The Winter of our Discontent. New York: Penguin

In this 1961 novel, main character Ethan is a middle-aged grocery clerk in a small New England coastal town. He used to own the store he works in but went bankrupt from poor business decisions and now works for an Italian immigrant boss. Ethan’s family was once prominent in the town but the family lost its place. Still, Ethan accepts his history, is content, happy with his loving wife and two children, unambitious, and good-humored. He talks, sings, and quotes poetry to the canned goods in the store.

His wife and kids are unhappy living on a grocery clerk’s salary however, especially knowing the family was once prominent. They urge Ethan to do something. One day, for no reason, in a bizarre, unmotivated and unjustified reversal of character, he decides to rob the bank. He makes a plan and rehearses it.

Meanwhile, town council members use their political power to benefit their personal business interests. The whole town is rotten, but apparently that’s how things have  always been done. The banker urges Ethan to become a player by investing his wife’s nest egg in a new airport the council has voted on, if only they can acquire the perfect property for it, property owned by Ethan’s lifelong friend Danny, who became a drunk after the war.

Ethan offers Danny a thousand dollars for the land; Danny uses the money to drink himself to death as Ethan knew he would; Ethan becomes a major player in town and does not have to rob the bank after all.

Ethan’s financial problems are solved and his family is restored to aristocratic status, but he took ethical decisions he worries about.  He took advantage of Danny’s weakness; He decided to rob a bank, even though he didn’t actually do it; He took kickbacks from a grocery supplier; He anonymously turned in his boss to the Immigration Service; He took advantage of city council insider information. Ethan ruminates about whether he sold his soul to become member of the elite. Or did he behave like any normal, ambitious American who is determined to change his fate?

Ethan’s ethical breast-beating seems overwrought today, although it makes stark contrast with the blasé attitude of entitlement among the monied class, blind to the disrespect of the ordinary people who are exploited to sustain a higher status. Ethan is not blind to that human failing, and in the end, his self-awareness prevents him from interpreting his financial success as personal and class entitlement.  In that sense he provides a morality lesson as relevant today as it was a half-century ago (and just about as inert, I suspect).

As a morality tale, I think the novel is successful, if obvious. Characters and settings are stereotypical, Ethan’s motivation is murky at best, and his personality unlikeable. The writing is light and frothy, a pleasant diversion, with excellent observations of small town life, and of course, it is Steinbeck. You could do worse.

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